CelloZone! Pirastro Eudoxa & Oliv String Review: for first time buyers (Part 2)

Read >> Part 1
>> New Post! Feb 2021: Gut vs Steel
Part 3 + videos coming…. working on it!

Links to Sets: Eudoxa Medium Set | Oliv Medium Set |

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If you have come back to this Review multiple times and found it helpful, please consider making a donation! I did this review out of the good will of my heart, because there are no reviews out there on these strings (which I found very frustrating as I decided to purchase a set for the first time…) I wanted to share as much info as I could on my experience with these strings for all of you cellists out there who are curious about switching to these gut strings. **I am not sponsored by Pirastro and paid for these strings myself.** Which as you well know, gets very expensive. Your donation will help me offset the cost of all of these strings & gauges that I am reviewing for this series!

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…and I am still using all gut set ups on both my concert cello and “sarangi-cello” (more on that cello in a future post).  I have spent a lot of time thinking about strings, calculating gauges for tension schemes, experimenting with different combos of various brands and string makers. I have a much better idea now of what I like, don’t like, and need from a gut string. Almost a year before I had purchased any gut strings, I had reached out to a couple of viola da gamba playing friends for advice on the subject. Niccolo Seligmann, a fantastic gambist and early music super-nerd, gave me some advice, which I followed:

Start with getting a couple different gauges of each string from Gamut, which is probably the best for its price. Once you’ve figured out what weights (diameter and tension) to use, then you may want to switch over to something more expensive and longer lasting, like Aquila or La Folia… the try-out process is expensive, but you can keep all the not-quite-right strings as spares. It’s always wise to have at least one spare of the top two strings and at least two spares of the top string. 

This advice was for open gut strings, but it applied to the wound gut audition process as well. For instance, getting all three gauges of a Eudoxa a-string is expense, but now I know what works and I was able to re-purpose or keep settled-in spares of the gauges which weren’t right for my instrument or the music I was making at that time.

I have found that I spend more time caring for my cello, making sure the tailpiece, bridge, nut, and peg set up are all staying “healthy”. As a result of learning to play on gut strings, I have made huge strides in my bow technique and left hand precision.  Gut set ups have helped me understand how interact with the strings on a much deeper level. There is a greater subtly required when drawing the sound, as a result a wider range of tone and expression. It has taught me how to open up my articulation palate and push through to a next level of playing. Of course, it might not be the right fit for all types of music, instruments, or aesthetics: that comes down to (1) taste & importantly (2) the conditions of performance. I have used wound and open gut string combos for classical, traditional/world, contemporary, jazz, experimental, etc and have found these set-ups chameleon their way through all of these genres very well!

Over the course of this year, I have tried wound gut strings by Correlli (don’t waste your time), Damian Dlugolecki (Ni/Ag gut) and Pirastro’s Eudoxa, Oliv, and Gold (older wondertones) line strings.  I have also tried plain gut strings by Dan Larsen (Gamut), Damian Dlugolecki, Toro (venice and high twist), and Aquila & Pirastro’s Chorda (not impressed for A-string, but I don use the e’ string for Sarangicello because it is so smooth).  Maybe in another post I will examine these comparisons further, however this post will remain focused on Eudoxa and Oliv strings.  Again this is for the first time buyer.  I have certainly had some frustrating and expensive moments this year, my hope is to let you in on those insights so you don’t have to make the same mistakes.

My current set up (late 2018- early 2019) uses an Aquila plain gut a-string 1.20mm (I love this string!) with Pirastro Oliv light gauge d, G, C. I tied my loop on the a-string in the same style as Dan Larsen from Gamut does. I have made my own leather washers, modeled after the ones available from Gamut, though mine are a little thicker with larger diameter.  I am using two washers on each string to protect the knot, but not to thick as to dampen the vibration from the string to the tailpiece as much as Pirastro’s white a-string washer does. So far, I find this method to be the most resonant between the string and the tailpiece. I’ll probably go back to threading through the loop next time (as pictured on the tenor gamba) to compare for resonance once again.
I had burned through so many a-strings between my sarangi-cello and concert cello, that I was using Pirastro’s a-string washers on each string. But I found that the hole was slightly too big, and it was so cushy that it dampened the resonance between the string and the tailpiece. It also seemed to make peg tuning a little mushy, and resulted in some stability/accuracy issues. So I started making my own leather washers – the resonance improved and tuning was more secure.
This is a tenor viol da gamba (click on photo for detail view) for comparison on “threading through the loop”. You’ll see many Baroque Cello set ups strung this way. This is also how it’s done on Classical Guitar and Pipa lute. I rather like it, it feels very secure and I like the aesthetic. One big advantage is that if your peg slips while tuning or when you are playing, it is very quick to get it back to pitch, because you don’t have to worry about whether your knot slipped through the tailpiece or not. It’s less to double check, because you know it is securely looped in place. You also don’t have to worry about the knot popping through the tailpiece when you get up to pitch (happens rarely, but very scary when it does!) or the string breaking at the knot. When a plain gut string breaks at the knot, it’s not a huge deal, just bring out the string length a bit, and make a new knot! However, for the wound gut strings, I have not had the same luck – for instance when a knot on my A and D string snapped off (on separate occasions), it was not so easy to make a new one, because of the heavy winding and wrapping at the base of the string. The string just didn’t perform the same way after that.
For a while I tried 1/2″ felt-washers, these worked very well, but had a self-adhesive sticky side. I didn’t like that, so I stopped using them.
Here I am transitioning between string set ups. I had all strings looped through the knot, gamba style (common on Baroque setups) and then switch to stopping the knot underneath the tailpiece (can be seen in Classical era paintings and Romantic era photos) – to see which resonated better on my instrument.


Suggested Combos/Sets (no particular order):

Eudoxa medium A, D, G + Oliv light C

Eudoxa medium a, d + Oliv light G,

[ 2020 edit: see Edits & Part 3 for more thoughts on combos ]

Oliv light set

Eudoxa heavy A + Oliv light D, G, C

Tip: If you don’t want to order through my Amazon links above, I recommend ordering these strings through Concord Music and Gabriela’s Baroque.

Bonus Tip: try out a number of different rosins to find out what works best with your various string combosEspecially important if you have a mix of plain and wound gut or a combo of different brands/makers.  


I find the Eudoxa tone to be sweet and delightful, like dessert.  There is a joy and playfulness in my playing, especially when I’m using the a and d string.

Oliv has a hearty, deep, complex tone which feels more like the main course.  My playing is more serious and mature, especially when playing on a full set of Oliv.

I can’t get away with playing on a full set of Eudoxa, (as nice as that would be) unless maybe with medium A, D, G + a heavy gauge C; *but I haven’t tried that yet*…  In contrast, I am definitely satisfied when playing on a full set of Oliv.  In the last article, I gave a few examples of Steven Isserlis playing on his Eudoxa set up with Oliv C.  Here is a good example of the tone capabilities of an Oliv set from Gary Hoffman (with an Evah Pirazzi A-string, from what I can see).  A Hoffman is a very different player than Isserlis.  I think their personalities are well captured by the tonal differences of these string setups. 

Now that I’ve had a bit of experience practicing and performing on both Eudoxa and Oliv strings, I may choose to string up my cello with different combos that suit the circumstance of a recording session or performance. 

For example:

  • playing with piano or contemporary ensembles:     Oliv set
  • playing with plucked strings (like Brothers Grimm):     Eudoxa set
  • solo, unaccompanied:
    (1) Eudoxa A, D, G + Oliv C   
    (2) Oliv D, G, C + Aquila A, Toro A, or Eudoxa A     
    (3) Oliv G, C + Toro A, D 
  • Chamber music:
    (1) Eudoxa A, D, G + Oliv C     
    (2) full Oliv set (medium set link)
  • [ 2020 edit ] Favorite All Around Setups
    (1) Eudoxa medium A, D, G + Damian Dlugolecki NiAg/gut C 38pm or Oliv C     
    (2) Eudoxa heavy A + Oliv light D, G, C  (or Oliv light set)

For a long time, I used to use Jargar A, D and Larsen G, C; which you can hear on The Brothers Grimm 2012 album Redolent Spires (bandcamp / spotify) or on my 2010 original solo cello score for Mary’s Wedding OST (bandcamp).  Often this set up was too powerful for violoncello + classical guitar.  If the Brothers Grimm were going out on tour, I would most likely use a Eudoxa medium set (in this case the quieter C string would be an advantage!).

The warm blend on the Eudoxas with other bowed string instruments is insane, they are perfect for chamber music.  If you need to blend inward, I’d go with Eudoxa.  If you need to cut through or project outward I’d go with Oliv.  For instance, during rehearsals with a pianist for a performance of Schumann’s Fantasiestücke, Op.73 using a Eudoxa set up: I simply could not sing out above the piano without pushing the strings harder than I wished to.  For the performance later that week, I had switched to an Oliv set up and no longer had to fight to project.  I was able to float on top of the piano sound with out over playing the strings.

My cello projects better with Oliv, than Eudoxa.  If you really like the Eudoxa sound on your instrument, but know you need to more power… you may want to try a full set of heavy gauge strings.  It will have more tension, bigger tone and might just do the trick.  In general, don’t be afraid of the thicker gauges, just make sure that your instrument is set up to handle the width, and that the tension scheme makes sense from top to bottom (less of a problem with a set, more of a problem with mix and match).

Here is a great example of Oliv on C, G and Eudoxa A, with plain gut D from Lynn Harrell (with Orlando Cole).  Go for the string sound, stick around for the extended lesson on bow technique!


Thinner string gauges are lower in tension, with a sweet, reedy tone.  Thinner gauges have more treble tone and quicker bow response.

Thicker string gauges have more tension, with a raspy, husky, deep tone.  Thicker gauges have more bass tone and slower bow response.

Less tension results in more flex in the string and a quicker bow response.  But the more flexible the string is, the quicker it will bottom out when you push it with heavy dynamics.  If you often need to play loudly for your style of music, try the heavier gauge string – it can take more bow pressure and give you a bigger sound.  The caveat being that thicker gauges with more tension are slower to respond under the bow.

Set advantages – I really like how the full set feels in the left hand and under the bow.  It’s very nice to have the consistency of bow response, tension, thickness gradient/feel, tone etc across the whole instrument from top to bottom.  (~ with both the Eudoxa medium set and the Oliv light set)

The Eudoxa string response is quick and easy, I liked this for playing unaccompanied solos at events and concerts.  When you mix and match, the response is a bit different for the bow from each brand of string, so you have to change your technique a bit from string to string.  Olivs are stiffer under the bow than Eudoxa, but when using a full set Olivs, it feels very nice and consistent, I doesn’t really feel stiff anymore.

Here are some quick notes from each string gauge I’ve tried:


A –

light – didn’t even feel like a gut string because it is so thin / easy to play all the way up the fingerboard / you may consider this as an option if the rest of your strings are steel / less of an aluminum sound than the medium and heavy gauge

medium – of the three gauges, this is my favorite thickness on my concert cello / great tone / easy to play all the way up the fingerboard / sometimes is a little sluggish to respond compared to the rest of the set

heavy – what I use on my Sarangi-cello / noticeably more tension than the medium gauge, especially up in thumb positions / more power yet it still retains the sweet tone of Eudoxa / very smooth left hand feel.  Pairs very well with Heavy Eudoxa D and with Oliv Light D!

[2020 edit] 
Pros – easy to play, very expressive, beautiful tone 
Cons – winding is easy to damage, string doesn’t last as long as Oliv A, easy to blow-out with too much bow pressure

D –

light – sweetest sounding, but didn’t pack enough punch for me

medium – really great d string, one of my favorites, very expressive / I love the mix of the aluminum and silver, and almost wish that’s what they did for the a-string too!

heavy – heavy A and D play really nice together – really nice balance of expression with a little more power and projection – was very happy with the heavy gauge top strings. 

[ 2020 edit ]
Pros –
easy to play, very expressive, beautiful tone 
Cons –
General problem I’ve been having with the Eudoxa D strings is that they tend to die and go faulty at the transition from Summer to Fall.  With the extreme humidity at the end of the summer and the sudden drop in temperature and dry air in Fall, my D strings have been dying…  So don’t change your Eudoxa D until after fall has settled in!

G –

light – (did not try)

 – at first I was worried it wouldn’t be bass heavy enough, or feel too small in the hand going from the thicker Oliv C the to thinner Eudoxa G, but it really wasn’t a problem at all, and I enjoyed playing on this string very much / sometimes the sound didn’t project forward enough for certain styles – but created a really interesting inward-depth, kind of hard to describe, but was a really unique way to draw the listener in when playing solo. 

This string is actually brighter than the Oliv G string!  This is probably my favorite gut G-string that I’ve tried so far, along side the Aquila G-string.  no wolf-tone issues, unlike the heavy gauge G string.

heavy – held up really well with the Oliv C / big warm bass tone, rich sound / but I felt like the thicker gauge contributed to the tension imbalances on the bridge and caused issues for the surrounding strings with settling in to pitch / projected outward well.  Eudoxa heavy gauge G string has a bigger issue with the wolf-tone, it’s quite prominent on my cello with this cello from e-f-f# in 4th position and b-c in thumb position.  The medium gauge does not have the wolf-tone issue, so far.

[2020 edit]
Pros – Medium gauge is brighter and springier than the Oliv G, hasn’t died due to shrinking-core-syndrome in cold dry weather like the Oliv G
Cons – heavy gauge is too fuzzy sounding and can cause wolf-tone issues

C – 

light – (did not try)

– tone sounded great, very easy response, but just didn’t cut it when it came to power / very big volume and energy drop when I’d go from the medium G to the medium C string

[2020 edit] has better feel when it comes to tension, and almost enough power, but same issue as the heavy G string, it’s too Fuzzy and Dull sounding.  My cello needs a brighter sound in the low end.  But if you have a super bright cello, you may consider this as an option.  

Cons – In general, not powerful or bright enough to carry the low end of my already dark sounding cello


light set

First impression is that I love this set up, the first time I strung up with all Olivs, I thought, “ahhh finally, a full set I can use!” / they bring out a completely new mature sound from my instrument / I almost feel like a Character-Actor when I am playing things like Beethoven or Schumann / very bright for the first week, but then it mellows out, in a very warm way 

[2020 edit]  after a while the strings get a little too dull and dark, still powerful but the low end needs some of that brightness back to balance the high end…


light – great string, powerful – louder than Eudoxa for sure, but slower to respond on quick notes – more uniform but not as expressive as Eudoxa – more like playing a steel string.

medium – [2020 edit] really great string! very powerful, more flexible than I thought it would be – less susceptible to winding damage compared to the light gauge A

heavy – (did not try)

Pros – powerful sound, creamy tone, loud string
Cons – 
string winding separation, just like on the Eudoxa A is a really big (and expensive) issue!  It can kill your string on the first, second or even third session, be careful.  Open A is a bit harsh.


light – very nice string, more pitch stable than Eudoxa, great tone plays well with Eudoxa A and Oliv A, no real complaints about this one. again, more like playing steel than Eudoxa [2020 edit] The more I play this string, the more I love it!  Though it is pretty wide (basically feels like a G string…) it’s quite flexible and expressive.  Feels GREAT for thumb position playing 

medium –
(did not try)

– I am using the heavy gauge d string on my Sarangi-cello and I’ve noticed with both the thicker Oliv (especially the heavy) D strings start to bring out the wolf tone on my cello more.  This is something to keep in mind when finding the right balance in gauge/tension for your instrument.  It hasn’t been enough of an issue to require a wolf-tone eliminator however.

Pros – powerful sound, creamy tone, loud string, maybe my Favorite of the Oliv strings
Cons – 
a bit thick for a D string, can take up a lot of tone and fingerboard space, could change the balance point for your upper arm to get to the A string, and depending on you A string, will make the angle more steep for you to get to A from D during string crossings


light –  great string, while it lasts….

medium – (did not try)

heavy –
(did not try)

[2020 edit] 
Cons – G-string dies suddenly when it gets dry and cold outside, a very expensive and disappointing problem of shrinking-core-syndrome – more about this is Part 3


light – when paired with Eudoxa med set, this over comes the volume/energy imbalance of the Eudoxa C / but response and tone are quite different / can get nice and growly when you push it –

medium – (did not try)

heavy –
(did not try)

Pros – Matches well with the Eudoxa strings, helps pull some brightness and overtones out of the cello (compared to Eudoxa C)
Cons –
G & C start to sound too dull to me after some time 


I can settle the string up to pitch in two days.  Meaning for the first two days, there is a lot of peg tuning consistently throughout the practice/restringing session.  On the third day, when I take the cello out of the case, it’s usually pretty close to pitch and I just have to give it one little turn at the peg and re-tune a couple of times after it adjusts to the room.  Most of these strings have fully settled into pitch after 1 week.  I play every day, which I think helps to quicken the breaking in process (maybe I am wrong).  

I perform 100+ shows/gigs per year, and often I found my self planning when to change a string by what type of performance was coming up the next week.  In most cases, I changed the string(s) at least 1 week in advance of a concert.  This was usually enough time to break in the string and not have any issues with stability during the show.  There were a couple of times that I had to change the string 1-2 days before a performance….  This wasn’t ideal, but I was able to perform successfully in all of those cases.  I carefully monitored if my pitch dropped, double checking my tuning quietly with a clip on tuner in between movements & pieces.  A number of times I performed with the clip on tuner, just to be sure I could lock in my tuning on the new strings; no one complained.


It seems like the Oliv set is more pitch stable than the Eudoxa set.  I believe it is due to the higher tension of the string.

Having the right gauges and tension scheme actually contributed more than I initially thought to stability.  Having the bridge and nut properly widened is also important.  You don’t want the winding to get caught on the bridge or the nut, especially with all of that peg tuning you’ll be doing.  When I had the medium gauge Eudoxa a & d with the heavy gauge G and Oliv light C, I had a little trouble getting the low end to settle and stay in pitch.  The tension across the bridge was not balanced.  With complete set (medium Eudoxa set & light Oliv set) I felt the strings settle into pitch faster and hold their tuning better.  I have experienced some intense pitch swings on the low strings due to weather extremes. In August, when it was very humid, I pulled my cello out of the case and my low C was down to AA!  Sometimes I would put it away in the case, after having played in a’=440 and when I pulled it out of the case the next day, my cello would be perfectly in tune at a’=415!  Another time, during rehearsal there was a very hot and humid thunderstorm happening but with the air conditioning on full blast and during the finale my C string surprised me by drifting up to C# (luckily the section was in Db MJ…).  In my experience this year, if it is humid+hot the strings will drift flat, if it is dry+cold the strings will drift sharp.  If it is humid+cold… things get really weird and floppy, good luck.  On my cello the thicker lower strings are affected most by the humidity/temperature changes.    


For as much as I love these strings and highly recommend them, I have had an unfortunate winding separation issue on both Eudoxa AND Oliv A-strings.  This has been the most expensive and frustrating part of the learning process.  I already voiced not being crazy about the aluminum edge to the sound of the a-string in Part 1.  There is a crunchy squeak sound on the surface if you don’t hit it just right with your bow.  I’ve had a rough go at it this past year with the a-string winding separating from the gut core.  From the very first string I installed, this happened, in fact some of the issues I ran into with the a-string going false (see Part 1) was actually the result of the winding separating from the gut core.

String 1 – Look around 1st and 2nd finger area of first position on the A-string, and you can see the winding starting to separate along the vibrating length of the string. The string will start to sound false after the damage increases.
String 2 – If the winding separating happens approaching the nut, it’s basically game over. If you are already up to pitch and this happens, I’m sorry, your string is now dead. If you are still bringing the string up to pitch and this happens, see string 3 >
String 3 – this is what will happen once a damaged, separated winding has to pass over the nut… It will drag on the nut and get worse and worse, game over…

If you install the string and and the winding separates or goes false, even after taking the precautions of widening and lubricating the grooves at the nut and bridge and lifting the string occasionally at the bridge to reset the winding: contact Pirastro directly about getting a replacement string. I have been in contact with Pirastro about this issue and sent them my faulty strings to be analyzed. I have received replacements for all damaged strings, but I’d rather not have to do the international shipping dance over and over again…

Tip 1:  Make sure the groove at the nut has a wide enough channel so it doesn’t pinch the winding – especially at the center point of the nut, where the string is bending the most.  The winding is so thin and flexible on the A and D strings that it sort of ‘flattens out’ a bit where it bends over the bridge and nut. You can take your instrument to a luthier with your set of strings to have this done.  Maybe suggest that they widen it out slightly more than the string width to give it enough space to move freely and not get pinched due to this slight flattening effect.  Pinched winding will be the quickest way to kill your A string and lead to general tuning and pitch instability!!

For those who are DIY: I’ve been doing it carefully myself with 400, 600, & 1200 grit sand paper, strips of leather, blunt sewing needles, rasps, and graphite (maybe a luthier will comment suggesting otherwise – please do, we’ll all learn!).    [ 2020 edit:  Just go to a trusted Luthier and have them cut new grooves at the nut to fit the strings – maybe consider having a new bridge cut, a little bit higher than your steel set up (to accommodate and balance out the lower tension strings) with grooves that fit the wound gut strings.  Keep your old bridge around, so you have one bridge for complete steel string set ups and one bridge for gut string set ups.  Also have the luthier adjust the soundpost for a gut-string tension set up too. ]

Tip 2: Wrap the neck of the cello with a cushy cloth where the strap goes over the string (see pic below). I believe this strap-wear contributed to some of the separation around first position, which began the swift death for three of my A-strings.

[ 2020 edit: general wear and tear from playing will breakdown the winding in first position and any other commonly played area on the A-string (like at the octave harmonic), especially Eudoxa, because the winding is so thin and delicate.  This is only an issue on the A strings.  But anything you can do to protect the winding will help it’s longevity. Again, make sure the grooves at the Nut and Bridge are properly cut by a luthier!! ]

Tip 3: Peg Dope – use a peg lubricant like Hill Peg Compound. Available at most string shops for $10, this really helped my friction peg tuning. The pegs no longer “stick and jump”: I am able to turn the peg slowly and smoothly in a controlled motion without excess force to achieve very small and accurate pitch changes, like when using a fine tuner. Using peg compound in combination with winding the string close to (but not touching) the peg box wall helps to prevent peg slips.

CURRENT SETUP (late 2018- early 2019)

My current set up uses Oliv light gauge C, G, and D strings with an Aquila plain gut A-string (1.20mm), for a’=440Hz playing. I got to frustrated with the winding issues on the a-strings and needed a break from that.  So I’m going with an open gut a for now and am very happy with the sound! The Aquila a-string is fantastic, shout out to Curtis from Aquila USA for helping me find a diameter that would match the tension of my Oliv set. …I haven’t given up on the Oliv a string just yet, I do plan on using a full Oliv set for future projects, but I’d like to have a luthier look the nut before I install a new one.

Which string combos have worked well for you with Eudoxa &/or Oliv? Are there other brands that you find pair well with these strings? Wound gut, plain gut, synthetic, steel core? Best rosin pairings? Please share your experiences, I’d love to hear about it! Also comment below if you have string care suggestions or helpful installation techniques.

I hope you found this review helpful! More details, thoughts and tips coming soon in Part 3. Thanks for reading & happy practicing!


New! You can now donate directly through this webpage! Your donations will help me continue to review strings and setups & provide online lesson content.


If you found this Review helpful, please consider making a donation! I did this review out of the good will of my heart, because there are no reviews out there on these strings (which I found very frustrating as I decided to purchase a set for the first time…) I wanted to share as much info as I could on my experience with these strings for all of you cellists out there who are curious about switching to these gut strings. **I am not sponsored by Pirastro and paid for these strings myself.** Which as you well know, gets very expensive. Your donation will help me offset the cost of all of these strings & gauges that I am reviewing for this series!

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Thank you so much!!! It really helps a lot and will allow me to do more gear reviews in the future.

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24 thoughts on “CelloZone! Pirastro Eudoxa & Oliv String Review: for first time buyers (Part 2)

  1. Pingback: Cello Zone! Pirastro Eudoxa String Review (for 1st time buyers) Part 1 | GRIMMUSIK RECORDS

  2. Hi Brian! Very interesting and helpful. I too have sets off Oliv and Eudoxas that I have been experimenting with and I am just about to order an Aquila gut A string. I haven’t quite got the A string right yet. I have Oliv soft gauge C G and D and thick gauge A and Eudoxa Medium C G D and thick A. Not sure what gauge to get the Aquila A but probably medium to begin with. I like all the different combinations but the Oliv D was a bit strident on my cello and I prefer the Eudoxa. Oliv are a bit clearer and stronger in tone, but I like the softness of the Eudora. I like to have the thick texture to bow and Eudora speak slower than the Olivs on my cello. Happy days! I am in the middle of things but craving the pure gut A string. I may pair it with a Aquila D string as well and then I will try them with the Olivs as well as the Eudoxa C and G combinations. It isn’t easy. I find string trials really difficult. The Wolf note moves around when I change even one string and it takes ages to suppress again and then I try two different bows on the strings and even the bow changes the sound. Very difficult indeed to make a decision. Then I record lots of sound samples and play it in different acoustics. This is coupled with the fact that my cello has been unplayed for over half a century and has been restored and I have recently bought it and playing it in is a real project, to see what it has got! I will update when I have tried the pure gut top strings.
    Thank you for your input to the topic and i am glad it isn’t just me who is playing around with these string combinations! 🙂

    • Wow Lilian, we are truly on the same journey! Thanks for your thoughts and insights on these strings.

      I love the Aquila a string!! It feels great under the hand, especially in thumb position. The 1.20mm gauge matches well in volume to the rest of my Oliv set. The tension may be equivalent to the Oliv light a, but plain gut is still more elastic feeling than wound. The tone shift going from the open gut a to the Oliv d quite noticeable, though. Some effort goes into deciding my melodic route based on this. So far Aquila a string is my favorite plain gut top string that I have tried, Toro taking second place. I tried a Toro a-string of the same gauge, but it wasn’t as powerful and bright as the Aquila. Toro string had a very dark, rich sound. I currently use a Toro venice twist on my Sarangi-cello, and love it.

      Fee free to email me directly to stay in touch a re:cello!


  3. I find that I get the best sound out of my strings when I use Gustav Bernardel cello rosin.
    I have used Art Craft rosin and I tried Oliv/Evah rosin recently, but they don’t really compare to the Bernardel.

    • Ooh! I haven’t tried the Bernardel rosin yet, will add that to my list… I have been happy with Kolstein, Melos Dark, & Hill Dark depending on which bow I am using and how humid it is (for the Oliv set + Aquila a). Thanks for the tip Lilian!

      • Yes! I love the Melos Baroque; though I haven’t tried the “Sticky”, not sure if they are the same. The Baroque cello/bass viol rosin is my favorite of the Melos rosins I’ve tried (I also have a cake of Dark, and Light). The Baroque rosin is sometimes too bright of a combo for certain strings and types of music I may be playing. But on the right string it can be silky smooth and is like a hot knife through butter. It is working very well on my full set of historical gut strings from Aquila (plain gut high twist a, plain gut venice twist d, round wound silver covered G and nickel/silver wound C (from Damian)). Those strings are very thick and the Melos Baroque grips them well to get the string activated, but is smooth enough to let me sing with the bow. Still there is an edge to the sound, so I try not to use too much. Funnily enough, I actually have liked it the best in combination with steel strings, rather than gut…. it doesn’t seem to match well for me on the Eudoxa or Oliv set ups, being that they are flat wound and polished smooth may have something to do with it (not sure)… It makes a big difference what type of hair you have on too. One bow in particular has really warm sounding hair, which balances out the brightness.

  4. I just came across your review after spending two years on only gut strings, I wish I had found this earlier. I do appreciate you taking the time to put this post together

    Almost two years ago I bought a set of heavy gauge strings from Damian at Damianstrings and each string I put one was the best single cello string ever. I did find the unwound A+D strings a little on the light side and difficult to play when coming from G+C. Then a year later I bought a set from GamutMusic (Lyon A 1.28mm, Pistoy D 1.65, Copper+Silver G1.36mm+C1.74mm) and then each one of those strings was the best single string I’d ever heard. A wasn’t too different, just heavier and easier to play against heavy lowers. I decided to get creative with the lower strings so I got copper+silver, which is a very warm sound. Unfortunately the lowers are too low to allow very powerful playing, but they do have a very nice blend between fundamental and higher overtones.

    I then decided I liked the Pistoy D so much I wanted an A to match so I bought a Pistoy A. I now believe the 1.28mm pistoy A is the best string made for the cello. The problem is that I can’t get a D or G string that matches the 15.5Kg (415 – > 440 conversion) A, the current neighbor string, Pistoy D is too soft at 10.8Kg. I could be chasing the unobtainable trying to find something to match the A string, but nothing I’ve felt before has such instant response without compromising dynamics or strong playing.

    Unfortunately it’s almost impossible to really give a truly objective assessment of strings. The best sounding steel strings I’ve used in the past are actually the most difficult to play, the audience would assume those are the best strings when they are far from that.

    I want to thank you for writing this review and taking the time to try the different gauges of strings. I’m finding it very helpful now while I’m looking for the next string combination.

    • Wow Ian! Thanks for the details, I really appreciate that! I haven’t tried the Pistoy d or a from Gamut before, I would be interested to hear and feel those on my instrument.

      I am currently making a follow up “part 3” post for this venture into Eudoxa and Oliv strings… it will include some combinations with Toro A ram gut and Aquila A&D unspilt lamb gut. I have some thoughts on which gauges matched the feel, volume, response, tone color on my instrument. I will let you know when it’s up. I feel the pain of chasing the perfect set up for sure!!

      I look forward to chatting with you moving forward and comparing notes.

      All the best,

  5. I have made a few edits and updates to this post in advance of “Part 3”, which will be coming soon… Included will be more notes on my experiences after another year exploring these strings, some additional tips on care and other string combos which I liked/didn’t like. I’ll also expand on some general issues that I ran into. Video part in the works as well!

    I added new hyper-links for all of the strings, so if you wish to buy any of the string gauges I mention, you can click on them directly to purchase!! (let me know if the links aren’t working, please!)

    Thanks for reading everyone and for responding with your experiences too!

    Happy New Year!

  6. Thanks so much for these reviews! After trying some synthetics and being disappointed after a few weeks of playing, I tried the Eudoxa on D and G and love them! So smooth sounding and really good response. I’m thinking of trying the Aquila A 120 or Toro A 122. You mentioned that the Toro was rich and dark – did it have a good response?

    • Hi Chris! I agree, I really like the Eudoxa D & G too! That’s what I currently have on my cello. 🙂

      If you want the plain gut A string to match the tension of the medium Eudoxa A, get a 1.18mm gauge. If you want a little bit more tension, a 1.20mm will match the tension of a heavy gauge Eudoxa A. I use both gauges of both Toro and Aquila for different sounds, textures, colors… etc …depends on the style I am performing/recording and what sound I want.

      In my experience, the Toro a-string responds very well. In general, with the gut it’s more noticeable (than steel) between adjacent gauges: thicker responds slower but is louder and more pitch stable under the bow. Thinner is quicker but you can easily “blowout” or “dip” your pitch under the bow, if you’re not careful.

      • Thanks, Brian. I really appreciate that input. I decided to go with the Eudoxa A for now and am accepting the fact that my string tryouts just aren’t over yet! There’s only one way to know for sure how good a string will be – test it out. Based on your input, I think when it’s time to change the Eudoxa A, I plan on trying out the Toro next. And testing out the Eudoxa A will give me an idea on the gauge on the Toro to try.

        What made my string testing a little painful was trying out an A synthetic, immediately liking it (great character and response) and then ordering the D and G of the same brand the next week. The D and G sounded and responded great the first week, then had horrible response for some odd reason afterwards. I had to always play closer to the bridge even on open strings to get any good response – it was difficult to get any pianissimo. Then after just a few weeks, the A lost much of its character. But the D and G Eudoxa have remained sounding great and have great playability. I’m also really liking the feel and totally ok with the lower tension. Now, if I could just play like Steven Isserlis…

      • Yes, with the lower tension you can get quicker response for both bow and vibrato. It’s more expressive (at least to me).

        For the Eudoxa A – please make sure the channel/groove at the nut is (1) wide enough to comfortably fit the string (2) as smooth as possible!!! Otherwise the winding will split apart as you install the strings – which is a sad, expensive experience.

        That last comment…. exactly, hahaha

  7. I just saw your comment above about discussing Toro and response in “part 3”. I’ll wait for it! I’m thinking in the meantime about either getting a Eudoxa A or even maybe a Passione A. Why Passione? Well, I’ve been spending so much money trying out strings (there are 3 strings I tried that are going to end up being spares) that I’m thinking it would be nice to get a steel string that might last a little longer. I’m not sure at all how it would match with the Eudoxas though.

    • Yes! I have been working on a Part 3 for a little while now, getting close to putting it out. Hopefully I will finish editing it soon!

      I did a quick answer on your ‘toro response’ question on the other comment. I haven’t tried the Passione before, let me know what you think if you get it!

  8. Hi Brian! Sorry I’m late to the party here.

    I’m very curious why you didn’t try the Oliv Medium set? It seems likely to share the benefits of the Light set, but perhaps with better durability. And you liked the A string. I’m between starting my gut journey with Oliv Lights or Mediums.

    Thank you!

    • The first Oliv string I tried was a Light gauge C string (to pair with the Eudoxa medium set). I really loved that C string and it already seemed fairly thick, so I thought I would try the Light Oliv set to start with, and if I felt that I needed more tension, girth, weight etc I could go up to the Medium set. What I found was – with a medium high bridge and tuned up at 440, the Light gauge Oliv set was plenty powerful, and already thick enough for a wound gut set. Felt good in the hand, sounded great on my cello. I think my cello could handle the medium CG just fine, but I don’t think I need a thicker/stronger version of the Oliv D.

      Maybe if I was tuned down to 415 and still wanted some more tension, I might go with the Mediums. On my instrument, I didn’t feel that I needed “more” , the light set was great!

      That was my journey (so far). The Medium A was a replacement string sent from Pirastro. If I was doing more soloist in-front-of-group-playing, I would potentially rock that string!

  9. Hi again, Brian,:D
    I am contemplating a heavy gauge set of Eudoxas as my next set…I have moved to the Orkney Islands in the UK and the weather is cool and damp most of the time. My cello didn’t feel good with the Olivs- they felt sluggish and heavy on the pegs. I liked the Aquila A and D with Eudoxa lower strings, but they were medium gauge and I felt they didn’t have enough power. I have had a set of Larsen Arioso on for a chamber music concert of Beethoven and Schubert, but it is back to Baroque now. I tried light gauge Passione and found them too quiet…so I am very confused now, particularly as I have the Wolf note from hell that won’t shift , on my F sharp. Help!!

    • I have only tried the heavy gauge CG Passione, and loved the tone and power, but they were a little too stiff to respond – they almost responded more like a steel string than a low gut string. But a friend of mine tried out the Passione A (& maybe D?) strings on his cello with Oliv CG and loved the combo. The Passione worked very well for the top end of his cello. Honestly I haven’t tried the Passione AD, but since they are steel, they will be more stable than the Eudoxa AD by default – no question about that!

      I just tried to switch back to Eudoxa for a gig I am doing now. But the A string winding separated on the first install… AGAIN!! So frustrating. In the end I switched back to steel setup for this gig because I needed the stability and reliability of the set up and didn’t want to have to worry about whether it was going to go out of tune mid show, or have a broken A string right before a performance.

      I agree, Eudoxa low C (even extra heavy gauge) never has enough power, very dull, only good for blending in a group, but not good for projecting. The Heavy Eudoxa G string has more power but also is pretty wooly sounding. I like the tone and response of the Medium G better, and if it’s paired with the right C string, I didn’t find issues of projection. Favorite pairing was still with the Oliv C or Damian Dlugolecki’s NiAg gut C string.

      It’s tricky, when the weather is basically dictating what setup you can use. The cool humidity is pretty tough on those gut strings, I’m sure your cello feels pretty gross too…

      Boxwood tailpiece, I haven’t tried. Have you tried the Aquila GC before? If you like the AD, it may be worth trying a whole set up of Aquila. I think their set sounds fantastic, the only thing you’d have to decide you like/don’t like is the ’round-wound’ traditional winding on the low strings. It is a different feel and not suitable for all types of music. But it was one of the best setups I’ve done on my instrument, hands down. They’ll be brighter and more powerful CG than the eudoxa, especially if you go for a thicker gauge. Too thick on the C though, and it will be sluggish to respond.

      How were the Ariosos????

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